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Residential Building Typology

Building Type Matrix

classification scheme for residential buildings  ---  construction year classes  ---  pictures of example buildings

(►explanations)

Generic Building Types

Last updated: 02.09.2014


National Typology Brochure

example buildings  ---  typical energy consumption values  ---  effect of refurbishment measures  ---  building display sheets

(►explanations)

Brochure in English language.  (Click on picture to download PDF.)

Last updated: 23.09.2014


Statistics of the Building Stock of the United Kingdom

systematical overview  ---  available statistics for residential buildings and heat supply systems

(►explanations)

Overview

Statistical Table Item Available Sources Remarks
S-1.1 Frequency of building types of the national building stock L3 [1]
S-1.2.1 Percentage of thermally refurbished envelope areas --
S-1.2.2 Information on insulation level and window types L3 [1]
S-2.1 Centralisation of the heat supply (for space heating) L3 [1]
S-2.2 Heat distribution and storage of space heating systems --
S-2.3 Heat generation of space heating systems L3 [1]
S-2.4 Heat distribution and storage of domestic hot water systems --
S-2.5 Heat generation of domestic hot water systems L3 [1]
S-2.6 Solar thermal systems L1 [1] At national level only
S-2.7 Ventilation systems --
S-2.8 Air-conditioning systems --
S-2.9 Control of central heating systems L3 [1]
S-3.1 Domestic energy consumption yes [2]

[1] Data Source for all tabular data: English House Survey 2009
https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/department-for-communities-and-local-government/series/english-housing-survey

[2] Sources: Department of Energy and Climate Change - secondary analysis of data from the Building Research Establishment and modelling by Cambridge Architectural Research using the Cambridge Housing Model v2.9. BRE (2011) The Government’s Standard Assessment Procedure for Energy Rating of Dwellings: 2009 edition, Version 9.90, Watford/London: BRE/DECC.
www.bre.co.uk/filelibrary/SAP/2009/SAP-2009_9-90.pdf (last accessed 15.07.13)

Last updated: 02.09.2014

Statistic S-1.1: Frequency of Building Types of the National Building Stock

  estimated number of buildings
(thousands)**
number of dwellings
(thousands)
living space in 1000 m²
SFH pre 1919 615 615 117,528
SFH 1919-44 567 567 81,900
SFH 1945-64 746 746 95,836
SFH  1965-80 1,206 1,206 142,846
SFH 1981-90 767 767 91,836
SFH 1991- 2003 785 785 103,807
SFH post 2004 214 214 30,281
Terraced house pre 1919 3,259 3,259 318,723
Terraced house 1919-44 2,811 2,811 246,106
Terraced house 1945-64 3,026 3,026 248,479
Terraced house 1965-80 2,291 2,291 184,076
Terraced house 1981-90 695 695 47,710
Terraced house 1991- 2003 716 716 53,674
Terraced house post 2004 293 293 26,630
MFH pre 1919 373 982 66,539
MFH 1919-44 108 314 18,963
MFH 1945-64 168 595 33,802
MFH 1965-80 222 952 53,172
MFH 1981-90 106 459 22,455
MFH 1991-2003 73 391 20,698
MFH post 2004 48 296 16,835
Apartment pre 1919 * * 701
Apartment 1919-44 * * 1,131
Apartment 1945-64 2 82 4,556
Apartment 1965-80 4 188 10,789
Apartment 1981-90 * * 723
Apartment 1991- 2003 * * 1,252
Apartment post 2004 1,401 49 2,981
Total   22,359 2,044,031

(1) * indicates that sample size for this group of dwellings from the raw survey data is too small for reliable estimate
(2) ** the assumption is that 1 house or bungalow= 1 building (rather than e.g. each terrace block equal 1 building). For flats - this will be 1/number of flats in the survey module (building associated with the address)
(3) Base: Total dwelling stock - sample size of 24,642 dwellings

Last updated: 18.11.2013

Statistic S-1.2.2: Information on Insulation Level and Window Types

Percentage of dwellings within each housing type

  walls roof/upper floor ceilings windows
cavity walls
with
insulation
uninsulated
cavity
walls
non cavity
wall
no loft
at dwelling
non-
insulated
under
150 mm
150 mm
or more
none or
partial
double glazing
100%
double
glazing

SFH pre 1919

7.4 13.7 78.8   11.7 52.3 36.1 61.1 38.9

SFH 1919-44

31.2 34.6 34.2   * 60.6 34.2 50.8 49.2

SFH 1945-64

56.6 36.2 7.1   * 60.0 36.6 29.4 70.6

SFH  1965-80

60.0 37.0 3.0   * 55.4 43.6 18.3 81.7

SFH 1981-90

44.4 50.5 *   * 61.0 38.7 13.7 86.3

SFH 1991- 2003

44.7 51.3 4.0   * 37.0 62.9 * 96.2

SFH post 2004

81.2 * *   * * 85.5 * 97.7

Terraced house pre 1919

3.7 11.5 84.8   11.2 57.7 31.2 46.3 53.7

Terraced house 1919-44

28.3 28.2 43.5   4.7 54.4 41.0 33.1 66.9

Terraced house 1945-64

56.2 32.7 11.1   2.7 50.6 46.7 20.4 79.6

Terraced house 1965-80

49.5 44.8 5.8   1.7 56.9 41.4 13.9 86.1

Terraced house 1981-90

37.2 60.9 *   * 63.6 35.7 16.3 83.7

Terraced house 1991- 2003

41.5 57.3 *   * 38.4 61.4 4.2 95.8

Terraced house post 2004

82.8 14.6 *   * 12.0 88.0 * 99.0

MFH pre 1919

* 8.6 89.5 57.8 8.8 25.3 8.1 58.6 41.4

MFH 1919-44

9.4 22.3 68.2 54.0 * 26.9 11.3 38.4 61.6

MFH 1945-64

36.9 38.1 25.0 57.2 6.6 23.1 13.1 19.1 80.9

MFH 1965-80

35.1 56.3 8.7 59.6 * 26.0 12.3 16.0 84.0

MFH 1981-90

33.3 63.3 * 59.2 * 24.7 16.0 17.4 82.6

MFH 1991-2003

35.4 61.3 * 64.5 * 15.8 19.7 8.8 91.2

MFH post 2004

84.2 12.9 * 69.8 * * 24.6 * 96.8

Apartment pre 1919

* * * * * * * * *

Apartment 1919-44

* * * * * * * * *

Apartment 1945-64

* 33.5 53.1 86.0 * * * * 78.1

Apartment 1965-80

* 34.3 55.9 88.0 * * * 20.8 79.2

Apartment 1981-90

* * * * * * * * *

Apartment 1991- 2003

* * * * * * * * *

Apartment post 2004

64.6 * * 84.5 * * * * 97.9

All dwellings

35.7 33.3 31.0 12.1 4.2 47.0 36.7 26.5 73.5

(1) * indicates that sample size for this group of dwellings from the raw survey data is too small for reliable estimate
(2) Figures in italics are based on a small sample size from the raw survey data and should be treated with caution
(3) Total number of dwellings for each housing type provided in Table S-1.1
(4) Total dwelling stock - sample size of 24,642 dwellings

Supportive information for Statistic S-1.2.2: Information on insulation level and window types

1. Wall insulation:
Cavity walls
: where a dwelling has external walls of predominantly cavity construction, it is defined as having cavity wall insulation if at least 50% of the cavity walls are filled with insulation. This could have been fitted during construction or retrospectively injected between the masonry leaves of the cavity wall.
Non-cavity walls: dwellings of timber, metal or concrete frame construction. These may have additional insulation applied either externally (e.g. insulated board attached to the external face with a render finish) or internally (e.g. insulated plasterboard fitted to the external walls inside each room, with a plaster finish). This is often referred to as solid wall insulation: the percentage of dwellings with this type of insulation is very small (under 2%).

2. Loft insulation
Insulation could be found between joists above the ceiling of the top floor of the dwelling or between the roof timbers where the loft has been converted to a habitable space. Where insulation could not be observed, information is taken from the householder or from imputed estimates based on the age and type of the dwelling.

3. Double glazing
This covers factory made sealed window units only. It does not include windows with secondary glazing or external doors with double or secondary glazing (other than double glazed patio doors, which are surveyed as representing two windows).   

Last updated: 18.11.2013

Statistic S-2.1: Centralisation of the heat supply (for space heating)

Percentage of dwellings within each housing type  
  SFH pre 1919 SFH 1919-44 SFH 1945-64 SFH 1965-80 SFH 1981-90 SFH 1991- 2003 SFH post 2004
communal heating system * * * * * * *
room - central heating 93.1 96.3 96.7 96.8 97.7 99.9 97.1
room - other heating 6.6 * * 3.2 * * *
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0


  Terraced house pre 1919 Terraced house 1919-44 Terraced house 1945-64 Terraced house 1965-80 Terraced house 1981-90 Terraced 1991- 2003 Terraced house post 2004
communal heating system * * * * * * *
room - central heating 90.0 95.4 93.9 92.4 83.9 91.7 97.9
room - other heating 9.9 4.6 5.9 7.0 15.3 8.3 *
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0


  MFH pre 1919 MFH 1919-44 MFH 1945-64 MFH 1965-80 MFH 1981-90 MFH 1991- 2003 MFH post 2004
communal heating system 3.6 * * 10.3 11.6 * *
room - central heating 74.8 79.6 81.7 68.3 46.4 46.7 61.6
room - other heating 21.6 17.9 15.8 21.4 42.0 49.2 35.5
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0


  Apartment pre 1919 Apartment 1919-44 Apartment 1945-64 Apartment 1965-80 Apartment 1981-90 Apartment 1991- 2003 Apartment post 2004
communal heating system * * * 22.0 * * *
room - central heating * * 58.9 37.4 * * *
room - other heating * * 23.5 40.6 * * 67.4
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0


(1)* indicates that sample size for this group of dwellings from the raw survey data is too small for reliable estimate
(2) Figures in italics are based on a small sample size  from the raw survey data and should be treated with caution
(3) Total number of dwellings for each housing type provided in Table S-1.1
(4) Total dwelling stock - sample size of 24,642 dwellings

Last updated: 30.10.2013

Statistic S-2.3: Heat generation of space heating systems

Percentage of dwellings within each housing type
  SFH pre 1919 SFH 1919-44 SFH 1945-64 SFH  1965-80 SFH 1981-90 SFH 1991- 2003 SFH post 2004
no boiler 7.1 * * 3.2 * * *
standard boiler (floor or wall) 53.0 44.6 49.9 47.3 59.2 65.1 21.6
back boiler (to fire or stove) * * 5.2 5.2 * * *
combination boiler 17.4 17.1 14.3 17.0 9.9 13.9 *
condensing boiler 10.2 12.2 12.5 11.5 14.5 9.7 34.1
condensing-combination boiler 9.0 18.2 14.7 15.8 11.2 9.7 34.1
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0


  Terraced house pre 1919 Terraced house 1919-44 Terraced house 1945-64 Terraced house 1965-80 Terraced house 1981-90 Terraced 1991- 2003 Terraced house post 2004
no boiler 10.0 4.6 6.1 7.6 16.1 8.4 *
standard boiler (floor or wall) 23.4 24.4 25.9 34.6 41.0 56.2 22.1
back boiler (to fire or stove) 5.4 9.9 15.2 7.2 3.4 * *
combination boiler 31.7 29.6 24.1 22.3 15.5 17.8 8.8
condensing boiler 3.9 5.1 6.1 6.6 7.0 5.5 31.4
condensing-combination boiler 25.6 26.3 22.7 21.5 17.0 5.5 31.4
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0


  MFH pre 1919 MFH 1919-44 MFH 1945-64 MFH 1965-80 MFH 1981-90 MFH 1991- 2003 MFH post 2004
no boiler 24.5 20.4 18.1 31.3 54.0 52.9 37.8
standard boiler (floor or wall) 11.4 14.5 15.2 18.4 14.4 12.0 *
back boiler (to fire or stove) * * 8.8 2.8 * * *
combination boiler 34.5 34.7 26.7 25.1 15.3 20.0 10.7
condensing boiler * * 4.9 3.2 * * *
condensing-combination boiler 26.0 27.1 26.2 19.2 12.5 2.4 4.9
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0


  Apartment pre 1919 Apartment 1919-44 Apartment 1945-64 Apartment 1965-80 Apartment 1981-90 Apartment 1991- 2003 Apartment 2004+
no boiler * * 38.3 62.3 * * 73.9
standard boiler (floor or wall) * * * 13.1 * * *
back boiler (to fire or stove) * * * * * * *
combination boiler * * * 13.9 * * *
condensing boiler * * * * * * *
condensing-combination boiler * * * * * * *
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0


(1)* indicates that sample size for this group of dwellings from the raw survey data is too small for reliable estimate (2) Figures in italics are based on a small sample size  from the raw survey data and should be treated with caution (3) Total number of dwellings for each housing type provided in Table S-1.1 (4) Total dwelling stock - sample size of 24,642 dwellings

Last updated: 31.10.2013

Statistic S-2.5: Heat generation of domestic hot water systems

Percentage of dwellings within each housing type
  SFH pre 1919 SFH 1919-44 SFH 1945-64 SFH  1965-80 SFH 1981-90 SFH 1991- 2003 SFH post 2004
With central heating 89.7 93.8 94.5 94.6 96.2 98.6 95.7
Dedicated boiler * * * * * * *
Electric immersion heater 6.6 * * 4.2 * * *
Instantaneous * * * * * * *
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0


  Terraced house pre 1919 Terraced house 1919-44 Terraced house 1945-64 Terraced house 1965-80 Terraced house 1981-90 Terraced 1991- 2003 Terraced house post 2004
With central heating 87.9 93.9 92.3 90.1 82.7 90.8 96.9
Dedicated boiler 1.7 * 1.0 * * * *
Electric immersion heater 6.9 3.9 5.8 8.2 15.8 9.1 *
Instantaneous 3.5 1.6 0.9 1.2 * * *
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0


  MFH pre 1919 MFH 1919-44 MFH 1945-64 MFH 1965-80 MFH 1981-90 MFH 1991- 2003 MFH post 2004
With central heating 77.0 79.7 82.1 72.6 53.6 48.9 63.4
Dedicated boiler * * * * * * *
Electric immersion heater 18.0 15.1 14.8 24.8 43.0 49.7 35.6
Instantaneous 3.6 * * * * * *
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0


  Apartment pre 1919 Apartment 1919-44 Apartment 1945-64 Apartment 1965-80 Apartment 1981-90 Apartment 1991- 2003 Apartment post 2004
With central heating * * 70.4 47.5 * * *
Dedicated boiler * * * * * * *
Electric immersion heater * * 26.5 49.5 64.2 * 62.3
Instantaneous * * * * * * *
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

(1)* indicates that sample size for this group of dwellings from the raw survey data is too small for reliable estimate
(2) Figures in italics are based on a small sample size  from the raw survey data and should be treated with caution
(3) Total number of dwellings for each housing type provided in Table S-1.1
(4) Total dwelling stock - sample size of 24,642 dwellings 

Last updated: 31.10.2013

Statistic S-2.6: Solar thermal systems

  all dwellings (1000s) % of dwellings
no solar water heating panels 22,262 99.6
solar water heating panels 97 0.4
Total 22,359

100.0

Total dwelling stock - sample size of 24,642 dwellings

Last updated: 31.10.2013

Statistic S-2.9: Control of central heating systems

Total number (000s) of dwellings within each housing type
  SFH pre 1919 SFH 1919-44 SFH 1945-64 SFH  1965-80 SFH 1981-90 SFH 1991- 2003 SFH post 2004
overall on/off switch 558 543 709 1,129 735 783 207
boiler thermostat 540 538 699 1,106 729 778 207
has central timer and/or time and temperature zone control 543 537 701 1,116 732 777 206
manual override on timer 544 533 698 1,101 734 775 205
has room thermostat and/ or delayed start thermostat 399 445 577 953 658 711 200
manual radiator controls 364 375 466 771 560 498 98
thermostatic radiator valves 383 365 464 714 390 546 184


  Terraced house pre 1919 Terraced house 1919-44 Terraced house 1945-64 Terraced house 1965-80 Terraced house 1981-90 Terraced 1991- 2003 Terraced house post 2004
overall on/off switch 2,911 2,660 2,797 2,011 571 656 286
boiler thermostat 2,858 2,614 2,745 1,983 566 643 283
has central timer and/or time and temperature zone control 2,873 2,631 2,769 1,996 568 654 285
manual override on timer 2,860 2,618 2,763 1,985 568 652 283
has room thermostat and/ or delayed start thermostat 1,903 1,946 2,134 1,589 474 596 266
manual radiator controls 1,973 1,851 1,929 1,372 402 440 129
thermostatic radiator valves 1,840 1,656 1,805 1,248 326 426 266


  MFH and apartments pre 1919 MFH and apartments
1919-44
MFH and apartments
1945-64
MFH and apartments
1965-80
MFH and apartments1981-90 MFH and apartments 1991- 2003 MFH and apartments post 2004
overall on/off switch 738 252 527 687 207 185 195
boiler thermostat 733 251 515 675 204 185 192
has central timer and/or time and temperature zone control 734 246 523 683 201 185 194
manual override on timer 728 245 521 681 203 183 195
has room thermostat and/ or delayed start thermostat 524 198 419 566 168 151 171
manual radiator controls 554 200 407 491 153 118 110
thermostatic radiator valves 410 143 306 420 126 135 180


Total dwelling stock - sample size of 24,642 dwellings

Last updated: 31.10.2013

Statistic S-3.1: Domestic Energy Consumption

UK Domestic energy consumption by end use4 and fuel 1990 to 2012 (provisional)

in Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent (ktoe)

Space heating Water Cooking2 Lighting and Appliances3 Total
1990 Solid fuel 2.764 1.390 14 - 4.169
Gas 18.484 6.549 801 1 25.835
Electricity 1.101 819 683 5.463 8.066
Oil 2.063 406 11 - 2.480
Heat sold - - - - -
Bioenergy and Waste 206 - - - 206
Total 24.618 9.164 1.509 5.465 40.756
1991 Solid fuel 3.439 1.125 13 - 4.577
Gas 21.239 6.703 777 2 28.721
Electricity 1.430 795 671 5.540 8.436
Oil 2.374 441 10 - 2.825
Heat sold - - - - -
Bioenergy and Waste 209 - - - 209
Total 28.690 9.064 1.471 5.542 44.768
1992 Solid fuel 2.991 987 12 - 3.990
Gas 20.956 6.673 758 2 28.389
Electricity 1.458 818 659 5.620 8.555
Oil 2.426 454 9 - 2.889
Heat sold - - - - -
Bioenergy and Waste 243 - - - 243
Total 28.074 8.932 1.438 5.621 44.066
1993 Solid fuel 3.650 736 11 - 4.396
Gas 21.989 6.520 743 2 29.254
Electricity 1.256 1.006 652 5.725 8.639
Oil 2.420 591 8 - 3.019
Heat sold - - - - -
Bioenergy and Waste 241 - - - 241
Total 29.556 8.852 1.414 5.727 45.549
1994 Solid fuel 2.993 622 10 - 3.625
Gas 21.156 6.467 731 2 28.355
Electricity 1.250 1.032 643 5.796 8.721
Oil 2.394 603 8 - 3.004
Heat sold - - - - -
Bioenergy and Waste 242 - - - 242
Total 28.035 8.723 1.391 5.798 43.947
1995 Solid fuel 2.158 458 9 - 2.625
Gas 20.814 6.500 720 2 28.037
Electricity 1.244 1.050 636 5.860 8.790
Oil 2.378 612 7 - 2.997
Heat sold - - - - -
Bioenergy and Waste 242 - - - 242
Total 26.837 8.620 1.372 5.862 42.691
1996 Solid fuel 2.381 413 8 - 2.801
Gas 25.180 6.421 713 2 32.317
Electricity 1.593 1.097 631 5.923 9.244
Oil 2.902 609 6 - 3.518
Heat sold - - - - -
Bioenergy and Waste 241 - - - 241
Total 32.296 8.541 1.358 5.925 48.120
1997 Solid fuel 2.065 397 7 - 2.470
Gas 22.602 6.398 708 2 29.710
Electricity 1.341 1.025 626 5.989 8.982
Oil 2.743 640 6 - 3.389
Heat sold - - - - -
Bioenergy and Waste 225 - - - 225
Total 28.977 8.460 1.347 5.991 44.775
1998 Solid fuel 1.979 358 7 - 2.344
Gas 23.605 6.291 703 2 30.601
Electricity 1.584 1.140 622 6.062 9.408
Oil 2.901 637 5 - 3.543
Heat sold - - - - -
Bioenergy and Waste 230 - - - 230
Total 30.298 8.426 1.337 6.064 46.126
1999 Solid fuel 2.044 362 6 - 2.412
Gas 23.871 6.215 699 2 30.788
Electricity 1.605 1.129 619 6.131 9.485
Oil 2.600 558 5 - 3.162
Heat sold 44 - - - 44
Bioenergy and Waste 230 - - - 230
Total 30.395 8.264 1.329 6.134 46.121
2000 Solid fuel 1.624 278 6 - 1.908
Gas 24.847 6.263 694 3 31.806
Electricity 1.664 1.133 616 6.204 9.617
Oil 2.679 556 5 - 3.239
Heat sold 44 - - - 44
Bioenergy and Waste 236 - - - 236
Total 31.094 8.230 1.320 6.206 46.851
2001 Solid fuel 1.580 252 5 - 1.837
Gas 25.856 6.077 690 3 32.625
Electricity 1.848 1.173 614 6.281 9.917
Oil 2.951 571 4 - 3.527
Heat sold 32 - - - 32
Bioenergy and Waste 240 - - - 240
Total 32.507 8.073 1.314 6.284 48.178
2002 Solid fuel 1.220 200 5 - 1.425
Gas 25.519 6.154 686 3 32.362
Electricity 1.826 1.189 641 6.663 10.319
Oil 2.572 511 4 - 3.087
Heat sold 33 - - - 33
Bioenergy and Waste 243 - - - 243
Total 31.415 8.054 1.336 6.666 47.471
2003 Solid fuel 995 159 5 - 1.159
Gas 26.340 6.207 683 3 33.232
Electricity 1.876 1.194 647 6.859 10.576
Oil 2.566 498 4 - 3.068
Heat sold 11 - - - 11
Bioenergy and Waste 247 - - - 247
Total 32.035 8.058 1.338 6.862 48.293
2004 Solid fuel 861 135 4 - 999
Gas 27.155 6.247 680 3 34.085
Electricity 1.831 1.138 652 7.058 10.679
Oil 2.742 520 4 - 3.265
Heat sold 51 - - - 51
Bioenergy and Waste 252 - - - 252
Total 32.891 8.039 1.340 7.061 49.332
2005 Solid fuel 598 96 4 - 697
Gas 26.017 6.142 673 3 32.836
Electricity 1.804 1.150 652 7.203 10.809
Oil 2.586 503 4 - 3.092
Heat sold 52 - - - 52
Bioenergy and Waste 318 - - - 318
Total 31.375 7.892 1.332 7.206 47.804
2006 Solid fuel 547 91 3 - 642
Gas 24.812 6.056 679 3 31.550
Electricity 1.673 1.103 647 7.299 10.723
Oil 2.703 543 4 - 3.249
Heat sold 52 - - - 52
Bioenergy and Waste 358 - - - 358
Total 30.145 7.793 1.333 7.302 46.574
2007 Solid fuel 578 100 3 - 680
Gas 23.657 6.007 674 3 30.341
Electricity 1.523 1.044 644 7.371 10.583
Oil 2.375 497 3 - 2.875
Heat sold 52 - - - 52
Bioenergy and Waste 400 - - - 400
Total 28.584 7.648 1.324 7.375 44.931
2008 Solid fuel 646 104 3 - 753
Gas 24.450 5.798 665 3 30.916
Electricity 743 1.762 529 7.267 10.301
Oil 2.534 495 3 - 3.032
Heat sold 52 - - - 52
Bioenergy and Waste 431 - - - 431
Total 28.856 8.159 1.200 7.270 45.485
20093 Solid fuel 680 52 - - 732
Gas 22.000 5.995 595 - 28.590
Electricity 2.326 703 503 6.661 10.193
Oil 2.492 520 - - 3.012
Heat sold 52 - - - 52
Bioenergy and Waste 466 - - - 466
Total 28.017 7.269 1.097 6.661 43.044
2010 Solid fuel 745 40 - - 786
Gas 26.924 5.972 603 - 33.499
Electricity 2.526 596 488 6.608 10.218
Oil 2.951 476 - - 3.428
Heat sold 52 - - - 52
Bioenergy and Waste 510 - - - 510
Total 33.709 7.085 1.092 6.608 48.493
2011 Solid fuel 704 52 - - 756
Gas 18.731 5.898 599 - 25.228
Electricity 1.778 706 515 6.598 9.596
Oil 2.187 482 - - 2.669
Heat sold 52 - - - 52
Bioenergy and Waste 592 - - - 592
Total 24.043 7.138 1.113 6.598 38.893
2012 (P) Solid fuel 666 42 - - 709
Gas 22.540 6.004 612 - 29.156
Electricity 2.098 650 503 6.611 9.862
Oil 2.281 425 - - 2.705
Heat sold 52 - - - 52
Bioenergy and Waste 669 - - - 669
Total 28.306 7.120 1.116 6.611 43.153

1. This table includes "Heat sold" and "Bioenergy and Waste" as fuel sources to improve transparency between this table and others within the publication.

2. Includes oven and hob energy use only. This is modelled energy use from the Cambridge Housing Model, which models cooking energy simply, using different input data from the modelling behind Table 3.10.

3. There is a discontinuity in energy use for lighting and appliances in 2009, due to new modelling, based on SAP 2009, which has more sophisticated algorithms for lighting and appliances. The new algorithms are based on floor area and occupants, and current estimates of average dwelling floor area are around 10% higher than they were in the past.

4. The breakdown of energy by final use is based on modelling, and this is subject to uncertainty from housing data, behavioural data, climate data and building physics assumptions. The proportions used in the breakdown could vary by as much as 18%.

www.gov.uk/government/publications/energy-consumption-in-the-uk

Sources: Department of Energy and Climate Change - secondary analysis of data from the Building Research Establishment and modelling by Cambridge Architectural Research using the Cambridge Housing Model v2.9. BRE (2011) The Government’s Standard Assessment Procedure for Energy Rating of Dwellings: 2009 edition, Version 9.90, Watford/London: BRE/DECC. 

Last updated: 02.09.2014


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